Today we are going to discuss Under eye dark circle (Periorbital hyperpigmentation).
Hyperpigmentation whenever as compared to your facial skin whenever there is an extra pigment or there is hyperpigmentation around your eyes. In simple word it is called under eye dark circle, usually both lids upper lid & lower lid they become pigmented.
In dark circles, the skin surrounding the eyes gets noticeably darker than the rest of the facial skin. Due to this, the natural beauty of our face diminishes.
This is not a disease, but rather, it is an indicator that something is wrong somewhere in our system.
The skin surrounding the eyes is thinner as compared to the rest of the facial skin, It also contains fewer amounts of oil and sweat glands that is why the skin surrounding the eyes is usually dry and it is also more easily affected by trauma.
- The causes whenever there is melanocyte excess activity especially around eyes then it will lead to the hyperpigmentation around the eyes there are a lot of causes basically important cause is it is genetic.
- A second important cause is nutritional deficiency lot of females or even males they are anemic they are having a lot of nutritional deficiency and those deficiencies may lead to Under eye dark circle.
- Dark circles can happen due to sunlight, which can cause the skin to become sunburnt this is one of the most common causes.
- Those people who are in front of the screen, phone or computers or those who are looking towards the screen or late night sleep all this may lead to pigmentation.
- Another reason is an allergy caused due to creams, lotions, and makeup which is applied near and around the eyes.
- Lack of water in the body, or dehydration, also leads to drying of skin which makes it appear dark.
- Lack of essential nutrients like Vitamins A, B12, C, D & E, as well as blood disorders such as anemia, also leads to dark circles around eyes.
- Other factors leading to dark circles include – Stress, lack of sleep, excessive smoking and drinking alcohol & coffee.
There are many reasons for Dark Circles, we must be careful that besides the surface treatment, we must make sure that the deficiency in our body which is the underlying cause of the dark circles, is also addressed and treated.
Dark circles can be completely treated only when we address the underlying cause in our body as well as treat the affected areas of skin.
Simply treating the skin will definitely make an improvement but the moment you stop the treatment, the problem will return.
That is why this problem needs to be tackled on both fronts simultaneously – Inside, as well as outside.
First & foremost, protect your eyes from direct sunlight Before stepping out during daytime/hours of sunlight, make sure you apply a good sunscreen of SPF 20
Wear dark glasses before stepping out. This not only protects your eyes from sunlight but also protects them from dirt, dust and other pollutants in the air.
Minimize usage of scented and colored creams, lotions and makeup around your eyes.
Drink adequate amounts of water so that your skin stays hydrated.
Fresh and healthy food is good not only for our skin but for our entire body.
You can apply the best and most expensive creams and medicines to your skin but if you do not give your body adequate nutrition then your problems can never really be solved for good.
A nutritious and balanced diet gives the body the energy to fight against all kinds of diseases. It also keeps our skin healthy and glowing.
Vitamins A, D & E are found abundantly in tomatoes, apples, carrots, spinach, pomegranate, bananas, mangoes, whole lentils, Kidney beans, fish, eggs, milk, butter, etc
If you eat these foods, your body will have adequate amounts of Vitamin A, D & E.
In order to make up for the deficiency of these vitamins, you can also purchase Cod Liver Oil.
You can take one capsule after dinner, for 2 Months. But do not take it for a duration longer than this.
Vitamin B12 deficiency is a major cause of dark circles in people, Especially for vegetarians, Vitamin B12 is found mainly in meat, chicken, eggs, butter, milk, etc.
If you are a pure vegetarian who does not consume even too many dairy products then you must consume 2 tablets of Vitamin B12 supplement, TWICE a week. This vitamin will prevent the development of dark circles.
Good rest and proper sleep at night also go a long way in curing dark circles.
You should also try your best to minimize the consumption of coffee, alcohol, and cigarettes.
As we have mentioned earlier, the skin around the eyes is dryer than the rest of the facial skin, that is why there is a need to keep it well moisturized.
For this reason, after having a bath in the morning, and prior to going to sleep at night, you should moisturize the area around your eyes with coconut oil.
Coconut oil protects our skin from Fungal & Bacterial infections, as well as from allergies and the harmful effects of sunlight. It also keeps our skin soft and supple.
Coconut oil should be applied around the eyes twice daily – Once after having a bath, and again before going to sleep at night.
Honey is quite effective in reducing dark circles. You can also apply honey on your dark circles, 3 times a week, just before going to sleep at night.
Wash your face off with lukewarm water in the morning and moisturize well with Coconut Oil.
Apply honey on your dark circles, 3 times a week, just before going to sleep at night. Wash it off with lukewarm water in the morning and apply coconut oil to the area.
Aloe vera gel
Apply fresh aloe vera gel to your dark circles, leave the gel on for about 30 minutes, then wash it off with cool water and then apply coconut oil.
Cut a thin slice of a cucumber and then cover your eyes with it remove the cucumber slice after 20 minutes and rinse off with cool water and finally apply coconut oil to the area. You can do this 3 times a week.